Economic activity in many EU countries recovered in 2021 after a long period of lockdowns and other restrictive measures imposed in connection with the coronavirus pandemic, and this recovery, in turn, affected the dynamics of energy consumption in the bloc countries, Eurostat writes.

The total volume of energy supply in the EU increased by 4.2% compared to 2020, while preliminary data from the statistical office indicate that fossil fuels have again become the main source of energy resources.

In 2020, renewable resources were the main source of electricity.

According to preliminary data, in 2021, the most significant increase in electricity production from renewable sources in annual terms was accounted for by solar energy (+13%), as well as solid biofuels (+9.6%). At the same time, the volume of energy generation from water resources and wind energy decreased due to adverse weather conditions – by 1.2% and 3%, respectively.

The volume of production at nuclear power plants last year increased by 7% compared to a year earlier.

Consumption of refined petroleum products in the EU increased by 5% in 2021 in annual terms after falling by 12.4% in 2020, but still remained below pre-pandemic levels – by 8.1% compared to the indicator for 2019.

Meanwhile, the volume of consumption of solid fossil fuels in 2021 jumped by 13.7% compared to a year earlier, when a historical minimum of about 426 thousand 658 tons was recorded, but it became the second lowest since 1990. Compared to 2019, the indicator fell by 8%.

Coal consumption also increased in 2021, but remained below the pre-pandemic value.

In turn, the volume of natural gas consumption in the EU in 2021 was the highest in the last 10 years, increasing by 3.9% compared to a year earlier.